Direct financial support

In certain cases private breeders also provide direct financial support to certain activities or projects of national genebanks, conservation programs or other projects.

Financial Support Collections Missions CGN

Dutch breeders have provided financial support to allow CGN to conduct collection missions in different countries after having obtained prior informed consent and having agreed on the terms under which the collected material can be used or passed on to third parties. During those missions the idea is not only to improve the collection of CGN but also to support local gene banks and national authorities in extending their collections.

The materials that are collected will become available through CGN on basis of the conditions of the SMTA; this was agreed with the partners.

 

Contact person for more information: cgn@wur.nl or info@plantum.nl

 

Voluntary contribution of the European seed industry to the Benefit Sharing Fund of the IT PGRFA

In 2015 ESA, the European Seed Association donated 300.000€ directly to the Benefit Sharing Fund of the Treaty. This money was collected by ESA from its company and association members and was given directly to the Treaty expressing the support and engagement of the European seed sector towards the Treaty and its Multilateral System.

 

Contact: Szonja Csörgő szonjacsorgo@euroseeds.eu

 

Fair Planet

Fair Planet is a non-profit organization whose mission is to increase food security and provide new economic opportunities for the millions stuck in poverty. Fair Planet is engaged in a unique and long-term technology transfer process: On the one hand, it is facilitating access of smallholder farmers to seed of the highest-quality vegetable varieties suitable for their needs. On the other hand, and at the same time, it is training the farmers to use these seeds with minimal changes to their traditional production practices. Trained farmers will gain the opportunity to grow and sell significant crop yields and will benefit from economic growth. Fair Planet's operation model aims to reach more than 50,000 rural households in 3 countries within 5 years, thus helping over 360,000 people to leave the poverty cycle.

Several seed companies (such as Limagrain Group, Enza Zaden, Syngenta, Bayer) participate in the project via providing access to existing high quality varieties and respective know-how. In return, the companies will benefit from a positive reputation, gain entrance to the African seed-market and help it grow. Eventually, they will gain access to new markets created through Fair Planet's activity.

Fair Planet has recently completed a pilot project in Ethiopia, in which high quality tomato varieties were compared to the local variety. The trials were conducted using agronomic practices that are accessible and affordable to local smallholder farmers. High quality varieties yielded more than 5 times the average national yield. The quality of the crop was better, with bigger fruits and longer shelf life, allowing higher pricing and increasing farmers' income. This project was financially supported by Enza Zaden.

In 2016 Bayer joined Fair Planet to provide access to high-quality vegetable seed varieties and know-how, essential to improve the economic growth of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia.  Nunhems ® tomato, hot pepper and onion seed range will be tested in variety and cultivation trials by selected smallholder farmers who will demonstrate advantages to other farmers in nearby villages and regions. Training provided to the farmers will show how to use these high-quality seeds with minimal changes to their traditional production practices. Trained farmers will have better prospects of growing and selling significant crop yields and will benefit from economic growth.

 

Contact regarding Bayer activities within Fair Planet: Holger Elfes holger.elfes@bayer.com

Project website: http://www.fairplanetseeds.com/

 

 

Maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement

Monsanto Company provides financial support and is involved in maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement programs in India (the International Maize Improvement Consortium – IMIC) and with INTA in Argentina and INRA in France.

Contact: Roy Cantrell roy.cantrell@monsanto.com

 

Maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement

Monsanto Company provides financial support and is involved in maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement programs in India (the International Maize Improvement Consortium – IMIC) and with INTA in Argentina and INRA in France.

Contact: Roy Cantrell roy.cantrell@monsanto.com

 

Maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement

Monsanto Company provides financial support and is involved in maize germplasm evaluation and enhancement programs in India (the International Maize Improvement Consortium – IMIC) and with INTA in Argentina and INRA in France.

Contact: Roy Cantrell roy.cantrell@monsanto.com

 

Benefit sharing from Seed Companies to the World Vegetable Center

Financial support to the World Vegetable Center

The World Vegetable Center’s tomato breeding program has received financial support from I&B (previously known as Indus, Sasya) India; Kagome Co., Japan; and Heinz USA. In 1996, seed of 2 Cytoplasmatic Male Sterile peppers and their maintainer lines were donated by Choong Ang Seed Co., Korea, and Seminis provided a small amount of financial support for this research. Recently, bitter gourd breeding has received financial support from four Indian companies. Additionally, support has been received from seed companies to arrange conferences. In general, the support provided accounts for less than 1% of the Center’s annual budget.

 

In-kind support for breeding at the World Vegetable Center

Various in-kind contributions have been received from the seed industry. In general, the dollar value of these contributions is difficult to estimate. Among others, the following contributions have been received during the last ten years:

  • Syngenta-India hosted a tomato field trial in Karnal, India (Oct 2007) as a voluntary contribution to a World Vegetable Center-led DFID project. The trial included 53 tomato entries from 13 seed companies. Syngenta hosted a field day for researchers from our institution, the University of Agricultural Sciences-Bangalore, the Natural Resource Institute UK, and seed company breeders to review the trial.
  • Namdhari Seed Co. India hosted a tomato field trial in Bangalore, India in May 2007 as a voluntary contribution to a World Vegetable Center-led DFID project. The trial included 63 tomato entries from 20 seed companies. Namdhari hosted a field day for several thousand farmers and researchers to review the trial.
  • Sasya-India multiplied seed of four World Vegetable Center onion lines from April 2009-May 2010. The operation required two seasons to complete. Sasya also carried out seed multiplication of 7 tomato hybrids at the Center’s request.
  • Monsanto USA evaluated 15 World Vegetable Center Allium cepa x A. fistulosum onion populations for resistance to three diseases and multiplied seed in 2015.
  • JK Seeds, India voluntary evaluated 20 World Vegetable Center-selected anthracnose resistant and susceptible lines in 2014-15.
  • In 2014, VNR Seeds, India provided a success story with a hybrid cultivar, which was derived from a World Vegetable Center inbred line.

 

In-kind support for World Vegetable Center genebank regeneration

In-kind contributions for regeneration of priority germplasm have been received from two seed companies (Rijk Zwaan and Enza Zaden). These contributions account for about 3% of our annual regenerations, but make up less than 1% of the budget for the World Vegetable Center genebank.

 

In-kind contribution to disaster seed kits

In collaboration with the Center, seed companies in different locations have participated in the preparation and/or distribution of seed kits after disasters. For example: Survivors of the December 2004 tsunami in Indonesia and Sri Lanka received seed provided by 8 seed companies from 5 countries in 2005. In Taiwan in 2009-2010, seed kits were delivered to people affected by Typhoon Morakot. In 2014, East-West Seed Indonesia provided 10,000 seed kits that were distributed in East Java and North Sumatra to people affected by volcanic eruptions. However, the economic value of such contributions is difficult to estimate.  

 

Technical input or exchange with the World Vegetable Center

Cooperation between the Asia & Pacific Seed Association (APSA) and the World Vegetable Center benefits both organizations. For APSA members, the agreement provides early and priority access to World Vegetable Center research and development results; the chance to interact directly with World Vegetable Center staff at workshops; and preferential rates for (and in some instances, early access to) World Vegetable Center germplasm and breeding lines. For the World Vegetable Center, the main benefits come from the core funding provided; the opportunity to better align the Center's work with some of the pertinent issues identified by the private sector; and the opportunity to utilize APSA's network to disseminate the Center's international public goods. The Center ships seed from its collection at the request of any APSA member. APSA helped the Center's genebank collection expand by sharing lines with interesting horticultural characteristics. The Center encouraged all APSA members to acknowledge the use of World Vegetable Center germplasm in their catalogs. However, only a few companies have done so. Some APSA companies, i.e. Clover Seeds (Hong Kong) and Known-You Seed (Taiwan) have sent their staff to the Center for short-term training.

Kagome Japan provided protocols for three tomato molecular markers in 2014-2015 for World Vegetable Center in-house use. Sasya and Mahyco (India) contributed seed of tomato breeding lines for World Vegetable Center use. Twenty-five seed companies are participating in an ongoing World Vegetable Center-led collaborative project to evaluate a set of tomato lines representing different resistance gene combinations for resistance to tomato yellow leaf curl diseases (TYLCD) in South, Southeast, and East Asia. Participating companies established field trials in disease hotspots and evaluated TYLCD incidence and severity according to a common evaluation protocol.

Seed companies have contributed technical support by collaborating on some varietal trials in Africa.

 

Contact person: Svein Solberg, svein.solberg@worldveg.org  

LINK : http://avrdc.org/

Children’s Home Dharan – Nepal

Every Christmas, Enza Zaden’s employees in the Netherlands are offered the possibility of donating the value of their Christmas box to charity. In 2016 that charity was Children’s Home Dharan, a foundation focusing on small-scale projetcs. Two of those projects relate to orphanages, but Enza Zaden’s contribution goes to a third project: the primary school ''Dipendra''.

Contact: Edith Bakker

Website: www.enzazaden.com

Baraa Primary School – Tanzania

Baraa is a primary school with hundreds of pupils. Enza Zaden’s financial support  has enabled the school to invest in an irrigation system for its kitchen garden, in which the pupils learn how to grow traditional vegetables. The garden also plays an important part in providing food for the pupils.

The vegetable garden provides nutrient-rich green vegetables that are consumed as part of the daily lunch. We know that our programme has a big impact on our students‘ lives. In 2016 our malnutrition checks showed that 66% of the students who had participated in the programme in the previous year were no longer malnourished. We will, however continue to feed them, because without school food their status cannot be maintained. And hungry whildren do not learn, and often drop out of school.

Contact: Edith Bakker

Website: www.enzazaden.com

 

Vi Agroforestry – Tanzania

Eight hundred small-scale farmers in the Sengerema region on the southern shore of Lake Victoria have succeeded in increasing their vegetable production with help from the NGO Vi Agroforestry and sustainable agricultural methods.

The project has two aims, the first being to increase yields and improve the vegetables‘ keeping quality. The modern hybrid varieties improve the quality of the crops, making them suitable for transport to the nearby cities, too. This greatly boosts the local economy.

Enza Zaden also financially supports  Vi Agroforestry’s second aim, which is to further develop sustainable vegetable production in Sengerema. This includes helping the farmers to adapt more effectively to climate change, for example by improving the farming system on and around their arable land with certain larger tree species. This way they can to some extent counterbalance deforestation while simultaneously generationg extra income from the sale of wood on top of that of their fruit and vegetables.

Contact: Edith Bakker

Website: www.enzazaden.com